Linuxtipstricks – Just another /linux/blog

December 13, 2008

How to find out who has a file open in Linux

Filed under: user tipstricks — Antonio Portuesi @ 1:28 pm
Tags: , , , , , , , , ,

How often do mounts and umounts operations fail because you cannot determine who or what is using that device? How many times can you not eject a DVD because someone or something has it still open? How many times have you experienced a file manager that keeps a directory open even after you have navigated out of that directory and clicked the refresh button several times?

Let’s use the fuser tool to find out soething useful for our purpose.

Example 1:

user@pc:~$ fuser -mu /home

/home:                5525c(user)  5601m(user)  5607c(user)  5614c(user)  5685c(user)  5739c(user)  5740c(user)  5742c(user)  5743cm(user)  5744cm(user)  5766m(user)  5778m(user)  5789c(user)  5795c(user)  5799c(user)  5801c(user)  5803cm(user)  5805cm(user)  5806m(user)  5921m(user)  6001cm(user)  6005cm(user)  6076(user)  9391cm(user)  9395c(user)

Example 2:

user@pc:~$ fuser -mu /media

/media:               5514rce(user)  5525re(user)  5586rce(user)  5587rce(user)  5593rce(user)  5595rce(user)  5601rce(user)  5604rce(user)  5607re(user)  5613rce(user)  5614re(user)  5617rce(user)  5685re(user)  5738rce(user)  5739re(user)  5740re(user)  5742re(user)  5743re(user)  5744re(user)  5747rce(user)  5757rce(user)  5759rce(user)  5762rce(user)  5766rce(user)  5772rce(user)  5778rce(user)  5789re(user)  5795re(user)  5799re(user)  5801re(user)  5803re(user)  5805re(user)  5806rce(user)  5811rce(user)  5921rce(user)  6001re(user)  6005re(user)  6032rce(user)  6071rce(user)  6076rce(user)  8712rce(user)  9391re(user)  9395re(user)

Now you get the owner and the related process id. For rurther information about a listed process you can research deeper using ps ax.

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